Chapter 8 "GULISTAN OF SA'DI" Questions and Answers For class 11 (1st Year)

Chapter 6 "THE REWARD" Lord Dunsany Questions and Answers For class 11 (1st Year)


CHAPTER 8

 "GULISTAN F SADI"




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EXERCISE QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Answer the following questions, each in about 40-50 words:

Q.1 What was the advice given by Nushirvan to his people?

Ans: Nushirvan taught the people to be just and true in small matters. He explained that cruelty or oppression was small  in the world at the start. It was increased or enlarged by people selfishly resulting in its present shape.


Q.2 What was the remedy or cure suggested by the physicians for the disease  of the king?


Ans: The physicians agreed  that only the bile of a person could cure the king’s  disease. The bile should be of a particular kind of person. That person should have qualities fit for curing the king. But they did not think what would happen to this person and his relations.


Q.3 Why did the boy look to the sky and smile?


Ans: The boy looked towards the sky for God’s help. He smiled because he hoped that God would save him from death. He looked to God just as a child looks to parents for their love and help. It was his last appeal to God. It was accepted by Him. 


Q.4 What should be the role of a Qazi? Comment.


Ans: The role of a Qazi is to do perfect justice to the parties before him. He should decide in favour of the truthful party. He should act without fear. The Qazi in the story favoured the king. He ordered the killing of the boy to the benefit of the king.


Q.5 Why did the king weep? 


Ans: The king wept to hear the boy’s words about justice. The king was not doing justice to the boy. The Qazi was unjust to him just to please the king. The conscience of the king woke up. He declared that he would die rather than take the boy’s life. He kissed the boy and presented gave him a lot of money. He himself recovered by the grace of God.


Q.6 How did the king recover?


Ans: The king recovered because he did not get the boy killed unjustly. He heard the boy’s appeal against the Qazi’s officials order to kill him. He, thus, pleased God, and God favoured him with health. He thus, set an example of goodness and nobility. We remember him with respect. 


Answer the following questions, each in about 40-50 words:


Q.1 Write a note on the character of Nushirvan 

Ans: Nushirvan was an honest and just Persian king. He tried to do justice to all the people. He believed in equality, and wanted all to live freely and happily. That is why he asked the boy to pay for the salt he had brought from someone. He did not want to take anything from anyone because of his position.


Q.2 What should be the role of a king or ruler?


Ans: A king or ruler should have equality and justice in the country. He should work for peace and progress. He should give equal chances of progress to the people. That is why Nushirvan wanted to pay for the salt. He did not want to take eggs or foods from others without paying for them.


Q.3 What happens to an unjust king? Can he flourish (be successful)?


Ans: The common people very soon begin hating an unjust king or ruler. The government becomes weak. The country stops making progress. The king and his government fail in the end.The ruler should be perfectly just to the people. He should not let his servants to take away the things and property of others unjustly.


Q.4 What is the moral or lesson of parable II?


Ans: The lesson is that small things grow into large things by human beings. Small unjust acts result in great injustice. When a king eats one apple from a common man’s garden, his slaves pull up the trees. If he takes five eggs by force, his army roasts thousands of chickens. So we should do complete justice to each other.


Q.5 Compare and contrast the three tales.


Ans: The first tale by Sheikh Sa'adi is abut a Persian slave who did not understand the value of safety and peace. The second story is about Nushirvan, the king of Persia, who believed in justice, equality and kindness. The third story is about a king who wanted to use cruelly the bile of a bo9y for his own cure.


Q.6 Describe an even in which the trouble of one person affects the others.


Ans: A milkman once lost his cows in heavy rain. He could not provide milk to his children and neighbours. They all suffered because of his losses. Thus, the loss and trouble of the his milkman affected others too. Just think how the milkman would suffer if others take away his milk without paying him for it.


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