THE PHRASE AND THE CLAUSE: GRAMMAR

THE PHRASE AND THE CLAUSE

Examine the group of words "in a corner". It makes sense, but not complete sense. Such a group of words, which makes sense, but not complete sense, is called a Phrase.



In the following sentences, the groups of words in italics are Phrases:

The sun rises in the east.
Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall.
There came a giant to my door.
It was a sunset of great beauty.
The tops of the mountains were covered with snow.
Show me how to do it.



Examine the groups of words in italics in the following sentences:

He has a chain of gold.

He has a chain which is made of gold.

We recognize the first group of words as a Phrase.

The second group of words, unlike the Phrase of gold, contains a Subject (which) and a Predicate (is made of gold).

Such a group of words which forms part of a sentence, and contains a Subject and a Predicate, is called a Clause.

In the following sentences, the groups of words in italics are Clauses:

People who pay their debts are trusted.
We cannot start while it is raining.

I think that, you have made a mistake.

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