SULTAN AHMAD MOSQUE
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
QUESTIONS GIVEN WITHIN THE LESSONQ: Who started the construction of Blue Mosque?
Ans: Sultan Ahmad I was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. He started the construction of Blue Mosque, one of the most famous mosques in Turkey. It was constructed between1609 and 1616.
Q: In whose reign the construction was completed?
Ans: The construction was completed in the reign of Mustafa I.
Q: For what purpose does a heavy iron chain hang there?
Ans: A heavy iron chain hangs in the upper part of the court door on the western side to make the ruler bend, expressing humility in the face of Divine God.
Q: Where is the royal room situated?
Ans: The royal room is situated at the south east corner of the Blue Mosque. It has its own pulpit that used to be decorated with jade and roses for the presence of the king.
EXERCISE QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
Q:Why Sultan Ahmad Mosque is also known as Blue Mosque?
Ans: The Sultan Ahmad Mosque is one of the splendid memorials in the world. Blue tiles have been used to adorn its inner part. That is why, this mosque is also called the Blue Mosque.
Q: Who was appointed as the architect of the mosque?
Ans: The application for building the Sultan Ahmad Mosque was started in 1609. The royal architect Sedefhar Mehmat Aga, was appointed by the Sultan for the construction of the mosque. The inauguration was held in 1616.
Q: Why was a heavy iron chain hung at the entrance of the court?
Ans: A heavy iron chain was hung at the entrance of the court so that the Sultan had to lower his head every time he entered the court. It was the symbolic gesture to ensure the humility of the ruler in the face of God.
Q: How does the interior of the mosque look?
Ans: The interior of the mosque at the lower level is lined with more than 20,000 hand-made ceramic tiles in more than 50 different tulip designs. The upper level of the interior is painted blue. And the floors are covered with carpets.
Q: Why do you think Madrassah and hospice was part of the mosque?
Ans: At that time, It was a custom to build a mosque which comprised a tomb of the founder, a Madrassah and a hospice. So they were considered the parts of the mosque.
Q: Who constructed Mosque Sophia?
Ans: In the beginning, this building was constructed as a church by the Byzantine emperor. In 1453, the Ottoman Turks under Sultan Mehmed II conquered Constantinople. He converted the church into a mosque. It was renamed Hagia Sophia Mosque. Its structure was also modified to some extent.